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Submarine HMS E.20 (Sunk 6/11/1915)

Printed From: The Gallipoli Association
Category: Research
Forum Name: Submarines Research
Forum Description: This sub-forum is for research matters with regards to submarine warfare at Gallipoli/Dardanelles.
URL: http://forum.gallipoli-association.org/forum_posts.asp?TID=516
Printed Date: 24 Jul 2019 at 00:35
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Topic: Submarine HMS E.20 (Sunk 6/11/1915)
Posted By: Mal Murray
Subject: Submarine HMS E.20 (Sunk 6/11/1915)
Date Posted: 03 Nov 2010 at 20:21
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/HMS_E20 - http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/HMS_E20
 
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:HMS_E20.jpg">No Photo Available
HMS E20 in Harbor
Career
Name: HMS E20
Builder: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Vickers_Limited - Vickers , http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Barrow-in-Furness - Barrow
Laid down: 25 November 1914
Commissioned: 30 August 1915
Fate: Sunk by torpedo, 6 November 1915
General characteristics
Class and type: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/British_E_class_submarine - E class http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Submarine - submarine
Displacement: 667 http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Long_ton - long tons (678  http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tonne - t ) surfaced
807 long tons (820 t) submerged
Length: 181 ft (55 m)
Beam: 15 ft (4.6 m)
Propulsion: 2 × 1,600 hp (1,193 kW) diesels
2 × 840 hp (626 kW) electric
2 screws
Speed: 15.25 http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Knot_%28unit%29 - knots (28.24  http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kilometres_per_hour - km/h ; 17.55  http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Miles_per_hour - mph ) surfaced
10.25 knots (18.98 km/h; 11.80 mph) submerged
Range: 3,000 nmi (5,600 km) at 10 kn (19 km/h; 12 mph) surfaced
65 nmi (120 km) at 5 kn (9.3 km/h; 5.8 mph) submerged
Complement: 30
Armament: • 5 × 18 in (457 mm) http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Torpedo_tube - torpedo tubes (2 bow, 2 beam, 1 stern)
• 1 × http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/QF_12_pounder_12_cwt_naval_gun - 12-pounder gun

HMS E20 was a http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/British_E_class_submarine - British E class submarine built by http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Vickers - Vickers , http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Barrow-in-Furness - Barrow-in-Furness . She was laid down on 25 November 1914 and was commissioned on 30 August 1915.

Service history

While the German Submarine UB-14 had been in port on 30 November, Turkish forces had captured the French submarine http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=French_submarine_Turquoise_%28Q_46%29&action=edit&redlink=1 - Turquoise before the submarine or any of the confidential papers on board could be destroyed. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/HMS_E20#cite_note-Stern-30-0 - [1] When Turquoise was caught, her commander had not signaled her predicament to anyone, so a scheduled rendezvous with the British submarine E20—as far as anyone other than Turquoise or the Germans and Turks knew—was still on. UB-14 had been sent to keep the rendezvous, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/HMS_E20#cite_note-Stern-31-1 - [2] reportedly going so far as to radio messages in the latest British code. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/HMS_E20#cite_note-Grant-33-2 - [3] Upon arriving at the designated location, UB-14 surfaced and fired a torpedo at E20 from a distance of 500 metres (550 yd). Only when E20's crew saw the torpedo did they realize something was amiss, but it was too late to avoid the weapon. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/HMS_E20#cite_note-Stern-32-3 - [4] The torpedo hit E20's http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Conning_tower - conning tower and sank the submarine with the loss of 21 men. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/HMS_E20#cite_note-Stern-32-3 - [4] http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/HMS_E20#cite_note-e_20-4 - [5] UB-14 rescued nine men, including E20's captain who, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/HMS_E20#cite_note-Stern-32-3 - [4] reportedly, had been http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Oral_hygiene - brushing his teeth at the time of the attack. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/HMS_E20#cite_note-Stern-34-5 - [6]

References

  1. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/HMS_E20#cite_ref-Stern-30_0-0 - ^ Stern, p. 30.
  2. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/HMS_E20#cite_ref-Stern-31_1-0 - ^ Stern, p. 31.
  3. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/HMS_E20#cite_ref-Grant-33_2-0 - ^ Grant, p. 33.
  4. ^ http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/HMS_E20#cite_ref-Stern-32_3-0 - a http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/HMS_E20#cite_ref-Stern-32_3-1 - b http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/HMS_E20#cite_ref-Stern-32_3-2 - c Stern, p. 32.
  5. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/HMS_E20#cite_ref-e_20_4-0 - ^ Helgason, Guðmundur. http://uboat.net/wwi/ships_hit/1768.html - "Ships hit during WWI: E 20" . U-Boat War in World War I. Uboat.net. http://uboat.net/wwi/ships_hit/1768.html - http://uboat.net/wwi/ships_hit/1768.html . Retrieved 14 April 2009. 
  6. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/HMS_E20#cite_ref-Stern-34_5-0 - ^ Stern, p. 34.
  • Hutchinson, Robert (2001). Jane's Submarines: War Beneath the Waves from 1776 to the Present Say. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/London - London : http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/HarperCollins - HarperCollins . http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/International_Standard_Book_Number - ISBN   http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Special:BookSources/978-0-00-710558-8 - 978-0-00-710558-8 . http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Online_Computer_Library_Center - OCLC   http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/53783010 - 53783010 . 



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