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Royal Irish Regiment

Printed From: The Gallipoli Association
Category: Research
Forum Name: British Regiments
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URL: http://forum.gallipoli-association.org/forum_posts.asp?TID=473
Printed Date: 19 Jun 2019 at 22:59
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Topic: Royal Irish Regiment
Posted By: Mal Murray
Subject: Royal Irish Regiment
Date Posted: 27 Oct 2010 at 19:52
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Royal_Irish_Regiment_%281684-1922 - http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Royal_Irish_Regiment_(1684-1922 )
 

The Royal Irish Regiment, until 1881 the 18th regiment of Foot, was an http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Infantry - infantry http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Regiment - regiment of the line in the http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/British_Army - British Army , first raised in 1684. It was one of eight regiments raised and garrisoned in Ireland. It saw service for two and a half centuries before being disbanded in 1922 with the http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Partition_of_Ireland - Partition of Ireland under the http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Anglo-Irish_Treaty - Anglo-Irish Treaty .

Also known as the 18th (Royal Irish) Regiment of Foot and the 18th (The Royal Irish) Regiment of Foot

Formation

The regiment was formed in 1684 by the http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Earl_of_Granard - Earl of Granard from independent http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Company_%28military_unit%29 - companies in http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ireland - Ireland . In 1695, the regiment became known as the Royal Regiment of Ireland due to its performance at http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Namur_%28city%29 - Namur under the direction of http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/William_III_of_England - King William III . The regiment also won the right to display the King's arms on their colours along with the harp and crown. The regiment served throughout the turn of the 18th century in continental battles before being sent to http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gibraltar - Gibraltar . In 1751, the regiment was officially ranked as the 18th Regiment of Foot - although it was older than all but six other line regiments, it had not been placed on the English establishment until 1689, lowering its precedence.

Seven Years War and American Revolution

The regiment was in Ireland during the majority of the http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Seven_Years_War - Seven Years War and was ordered to America on 1 January 1767. The regiment arrived at http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Philadelphia - Philadelphia on 11 July 1767 under the command of Lieutenant Colonel John Wilkins. The regiment remained at Philadelphia, although a small detachment was sent to Ft. Pitt later that summer. The majority of the regiment under Wilkins was ordered to http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Illinois - Illinois in early 1768 and remained in Illinois until April 1772 when http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fort_Chartres - Fort Chartres was abandoned. A small detachment under Captain Hugh Lord, remained at Ft. Gage (Kaskaskia), Illinois until May 1776 when it was ordered to Detroit in anticipation of an American attack. The rest of the regiment was present in http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Boston - Boston , where the grenadier company participated in the http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Lexington - Battle of Lexington and http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Concord - Battle of Concord and http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Bunker_Hill - Bunker Hill , its first formal combat in more than 50 years. The regiment was drafted into other regiments in Boston in December 1775 and at http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Detroit - Detroit in July 1776. According to the regimental History the losses at Lexington/Concord were 2 killed/4 wounded {.p. 48} and at Bunker Hill 3 rank & file killed/Lt Richardson and seven rank & file wounded {.p. 49} Lord's Detachment was drafted into the 8th (King's) Regiment in July 1776.

French Revolutionary Wars

The Royal Irish returned to Gibraltar in 1783, where they remained until the http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Siege_of_Toulon - Siege of Toulon in 1793.

New Zealand Wars

The regiment's second battalion, formed mainly from volunteers from the Irish Militia, began to arrive in New Zealand from 4 July 1863. It served in the Waikato and Taranaki Campaigns. Captain http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hugh_Shaw - Hugh Shaw won the V.C. when he rescued wounded soldiers during a skirmish at Nukumaru near Wanganui. The battalion was the last Imperial Army unit to leave New Zealand in February 1870.

Renaming

In 1881 as part of the http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Childers_Reforms - Childers Reforms the regiment became the Royal Irish Regiment, and served as the county regiment of http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/County_Tipperary - Tipperary , http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/County_Waterford - Waterford , http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/County_Wexford - Wexford and http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/County_Kilkenny - Kilkenny . Its garrison depot was at http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Clonmel - Clonmel . Militarily, the whole of Ireland was administered as a separate command within the http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/United_Kingdom_of_Great_Britain_and_Ireland - United Kingdom with Command Headquarters at Parkgate ( http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Phoenix_Park - Phoenix Park ) Dublin, directly under the http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/War_Office - War Office in London http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Royal_Irish_Regiment_%281684-1922%29#cite_note-0 - [1] .

Boer War

The regiment participated in the Boer War.

World War One

In the http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/First_World_War - First World War , 7 further battalions were raised 5th (Service) Battalion [1914-1919]; three including a mounted unit, the 7th (South Irish Horse) Battalion, for the front and three Garrison Battalions.

The Fifth (Service) Battalion and the regular army First Bn and were part of the http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/10th_%28Irish%29_Division_%28United_Kingdom%29 - 10th (Irish) Division .

The 6th (Service) Battalion, volunteers following Kitcheners http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kitcheners_Army - New Army appeal, was part of the http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/16th_%28Irish%29_Division_%28United_Kingdom%29 - 16th (Irish) Division .

The regiment was one of the five disbanded under the terms of the http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Anglo-Irish_Treaty - Anglo-Irish Treaty after the establishment of the http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Irish_Free_State - Irish Free State in 1922.

Easter Rising 1916

The Royal Irish Regiment, made up in the vast majority of local Dubliners were the first British army troops to respond to the Easter 1916 Rising in Dublin. 

Battle honours

Namur 1695, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Blenheim - Blenheim , Ramillies, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Oudenarde - Oudenarde , Malplaquet, Egypt, China, Pegu, Sevastopol, New Zealand, Afghanistan (1879–80), Tel-el-Kebir, Egypt 1882, Nile (1884–85), South Africa (1900–02) The Great War: Mons, Le Cateau, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Retreat_from_Mons - Retreat from Mons , Marne 1914, Aisne 1914, La Bassée 1914, Ypres 1915 '17 '18, Gravenstafel, St Julien, Frezenberg, Bellewaarde, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_the_Somme_%281916%29 - Somme 1916 '18, Albert 1916 '18, Bazentin, Delville Wood, Guillemont, Ginchy, Messines 1917, Pilckem, Langemarck 1917, St. Quentin, Rosières, Arras 1918, Drocourt-Quéant, Hindenburg Line, Canal du Nord, St Quentin Canal, Beaurevoir, Cambrai 1918, Courtrai, France and Flanders 1914-18, Struma, Macedonia 1915-17, Suvla, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Landing_at_Suvla - Landing at Suvla , http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Gallipoli - Gallipoli 1915, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Gaza - Gaza , Jerusalem, Tell 'Asur, Megiddo, Nablus, Palestine 1917-18

Great War Memorials

  • http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Irish_National_War_Memorial_Gardens - Irish National War Memorial Gardens , Dublin.
  • http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Island_of_Ireland_Peace_Park - Island of Ireland Peace Park Messines, Belgium.
  • http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ulster_Tower_Thiepval - Ulster Tower Memorial Thiepval, France.
  • http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Menin_Gate_Memorial - Menin Gate Memorial Ypres, Belgium.

Colonels

  • 1794–1811 http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sir_James_Murray-Pulteney,_7th_Baronet - Sir James Pulteney, 7th Bt http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Royal_Irish_Regiment_%281684-1922%29#cite_note-1 - [2]

Notes

  1. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Royal_Irish_Regiment_%281684-1922%29#cite_ref-0 - ^ H.E.D. Harris The Irish Regiments in the First World War (1968) pp. 2-3
  2. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Royal_Irish_Regiment_%281684-1922%29#cite_ref-1 - ^ http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/London_Gazette - London Gazette : http://www.london-gazette.co.uk/issues/13627/pages/180 - no. 13627, p. 180 , 25 February 1794. Retrieved 6 December 2009.

References

  • Cannon, Richard (1848). http://www.archive.org/details/recordofeighteen00canniala - Historical Record of the Eighteenth, or Royal Irish Regiment of Foot . London: Parker, Furnivall and Parker. http://www.archive.org/details/recordofeighteen00canniala - http://www.archive.org/details/recordofeighteen00canniala . 
  • Geoghegan, General S., C.B.: Royal Irish Regiment, Navy & Military Press (2007), http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Special:BookSources/1847347479 - ISBN 1-847347-47-9



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