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Mesuduye (Turkish Battleship sunk by B11 13/12/14)

Printed From: The Gallipoli Association
Category: Research
Forum Name: Axis Naval vessels that served at Gallipoli
Forum Description: For information on Axis Naval vessels that served during the Campaign (Surface vessels and Submarines).
URL: http://forum.gallipoli-association.org/forum_posts.asp?TID=246
Printed Date: 21 Jul 2019 at 00:10
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Topic: Mesuduye (Turkish Battleship sunk by B11 13/12/14)
Posted By: Mal Murray
Subject: Mesuduye (Turkish Battleship sunk by B11 13/12/14)
Date Posted: 30 Sep 2010 at 15:04

Ottoman battleship Mesudiye

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ottoman_battleship_Mesudiye - http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ottoman_battleship_Mesudiye

 
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Turkish_battleship_Mesudiye.jpg">Turkish battleship Mesudiye.jpg
Mesudiye
Career ( http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ottoman_Empire - Ottoman Empire )
Name: Mesudiye
Builder: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Thames_Iron_Works - Thames Iron Works
Laid down: 1872
Launched: 1874
Commissioned: December 1875
Fate: Sunk, 13 December 1914, by British submarine http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/HMS_B11 - B-11
General characteristics
Class and type: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Centre-battery_ship - Central-battery ironclad
Tonnage: 9,250
Speed: 16 kn (30 km/h; 18 mph)
Complement: 673
Armament: 2×240mm 12 x 152mm
14 x 76mm 10×57mm 2×47mm guns
Notes: rebuilt in Italy, 1903

The Mesudiye Zırhlı Firkateyn-i Hümayunu ("The Royal Armoured Frigate Mesudiye") was a http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Centre-battery_ship - Central-battery http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ironclad_warship - ironclad of the http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ottoman_Navy - Ottoman Navy , originally commissioned in 1875, and serving until sunk by a British submarine in 1914.

//

History

As originally constructed, the Mesudiye was one of a number of armoured warships ordered by http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Abd%C3%BClaziz - Sultan Abdülaziz from Britain, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Austria-Hungary - Austria-Hungary and http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/France - France . She was ordered from the http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Thames_Iron_Works - Thames Iron Works in 1871, laid down in 1872, and launched in 1874. Designed by http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Edward_James_Reed - Edward James Reed , she was the largest casemate warship ever constructed and had http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wrought_iron - wrought iron belt and casemate armour up to 12 in (300 mm) thick. She was commissioned in December 1875 following completion of her trials, and at the time was considered one of the most powerful warships in the world. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ottoman_battleship_Mesudiye#cite_note-0 - [1]

In 1903 Mesudiye was sent to the http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gio._Ansaldo_%26_C. - Ansaldo shipyards in http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Genoa - Genoa , Italy, for a complete rebuild. Her three masts were replaced with a single mast, and two turrets armed with Armstrong guns were fitted.

Balkan Wars

In the http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/First_Balkan_War - First Balkan War , Mesudiye participated in both naval battles with the http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Royal_Hellenic_Navy - Royal Hellenic Navy , at http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Naval_battle_of_Elli&action=edit&redlink=1 - Elli on 16 December 1912 and at http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Naval_Battle_of_Lemnos - Lemnos on 18 January 1913. In both engagements, the Ottoman fleet was unable to break the Greek naval blockade of the http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dardanelles - Dardanelles . Mesudiye was not harmed in the first, but was damaged in the second.

World War I

At the beginning of http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/World_War_I - World War I Mesudiye was ordered to anchor just south of the Dardanelles Narrows at Chanak, in Sarisiglar Bay as a floating battery to protect the minefields. Both the ship's captain, Besiktasli Arif Nebi, and several officers protested this order, but the opinions of the German naval advisors prevailed.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Dardanelle_raid_sinking_the_Mesudiye.JPG">
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Dardanelle_raid_sinking_the_Mesudiye.JPG">
Overview of the Dardanelle raid leading to the sinking of the Mesudiye

Sinking

On 13 December 1914 the British submarine http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/HMS_B11 - B-11 entered the Dardanelles, and torpedoed the Mesudiye from a range of 800 m (2,600 ft) exactly at noon, as the ship's crew gathered belowdecks for lunch. Lookouts saw the torpedo and B-11's periscope, and sounded the alarm, and the Mesudiye’s guns began to fire towards the point where the submarine had been sighted. The impact of the first torpedo caused the Mesudiye to heel severely. She capsized in 10 minutes, trapping most of the crew; however, as she was lying in shoal water, most of the hull was above the surface, so most of her crew were rescued by cutting through the hull. Thirty-seven men were killed in all, 10 officers and 27 men.

The Mesudiye’s guns were salvaged and mounted in a shore battery bearing her name, and later caused substantial damage to the French battleship http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/French_battleship_Bouvet - Bouvet on 18 March 1915.

Notes

  1. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ottoman_battleship_Mesudiye#cite_ref-0 - ^ Emir Yeneer. http://www.scribd.com/doc/241915/Naval-Revolution-in-East - "Naval Revolution in the East" . http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Scribd - Scribd . http://www.scribd.com/doc/241915/Naval-Revolution-in-East - http://www.scribd.com/doc/241915/Naval-Revolution-in-East . 

References

  • http://www.naval-history.net/WW1NavyTurkish.htm - Naval History WWI Ottoman navy
  • http://www.navyingallipoli.com/Ottoman_N.html - Mesudiye Photograph of the ship and other Gallipoli related naval images



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