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Charlemagne (French Battleship) 1895.

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Mal Murray View Drop Down
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    Posted: 30 Oct 2010 at 17:20
 
The Charlemagne was a pre-dreadnought battleship of the French Navy. In 1915, along with her sister-ship Gaulois, she took part in the Naval operations in the Dardanelles Campaign, under admiral Émile Paul Amable Guépratte. She was named after Charlemagne, a famous Frankish king.

Charlemagne-Marius Bar-img 3122.jpg
Charlemagne
Career (France) French Navy Ensign
Namesake: Charlemagne
Builder: Brest shipyard
Laid down: 1894
Launched: 12 October 1895[1]
Commissioned: December 1899
Struck: 1920
Fate: Broken up
General characteristics
Class and type: Charlemagne class battleship
Displacement: 11,300 tonnes
Length: 117.5 m (385 ft)
Beam: 20.5 m (67 ft)
Draught: 8.40 m (27.6 ft)
Propulsion: 2 steam engines, 3 shafts, 14,500 HP
Speed: 18 knots
Complement: 725 men
Armament:

2 × 2 - 305 mm Mle 1893/96 guns
10 × 1 - 138 mm/45 Modèle 1893 guns
8 × 1 - 100 mm/10

4 × 450 mm torpedo tubes
Armour:

belt : 250-400 mm
decks : 90 and 40 mm
barbettes : 400 mm

bunker : 75 mm
//

Design

The Charlemagne displaced 11,300 tonnes (11,100 long tons), was 118 metres (387 ft) long, had a beam of 20.5 metres (67 ft) and a draught of 8.4 metres (28 ft). She was manned by 694 men.[2] Equipped with a set of two steam engines rated at 14,500 indicated horsepower (10,800 kW), the Charlemagne could move at a maximum speed of 18 knots (33 km/h; 21 mph).[2] She was one of the first French ships to be armed with twin mounted main guns, although a low displacement severely diminished the capability of them.[2] Those were four 305 mm Mle 1893/96 guns.[3] The main battery was augmented by a secondary battery of ten single 138 millimetres (5.4 in) guns and a tertiary battery of eight 100 millimetres (3.9 in). She was also armed with four 450 millimetres (18 in) torpedo tubes.[2][3]

Service history

After she was commissioned, Charlemagne joined the 3rd Battle Squadron. In World War One, she and her sister Gaulois bombarded Ottoman fortifications and ports in February and March 1915 as part of the Naval operations in the Dardanelles Campaign.[4] After the war, she returned to duties performing training cruises and exercises in the western Mediterranean sea for nearly two years, before she was scrapped in 1920.[2]

References

  1. ^ The Times (London), Saturday, 12 October 1895, p.7
  2. ^ a b c d e "Charlemagne Battleship". battleships-cruisers.co.uk. Accessed 2010-05-29.
  3. ^ a b Jackson, pg 153
  4. ^ French Navy

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